For a CE marked product to be approved, a manufacturer has to be able to prove that the product has passed the appropriate quality assurance tests. A manufacturer has to hire a qualified third party to perform these tests. Both the products and the manufacturing process need to be tested.
For a buyer, the CE Mark certifies that a product has met the health, safety and environmental requirements of the EU and abroad countries (Australia) and thereby ensuring consumer and workplace safety.
In Europe there are two standards covering 'motorcyclists' protective clothing against mechanical impact' - EN 1621-1:1997 and EN 1621-2:2003. Both standards assess the performance of protective devices by measuring the force transmitted through it when impacted by a falling mass.
EN 1621-1:1997 assesses devices that are designed to protect the shoulder, elbow and forearm, hip, knee and lower leg regions. The test apparatus consists of a mass of 5kg with a 40mm x 30mm striking face, dropped onto the sample mounted on top of a 50mm radius hemispherical dome. The anvil is further mounted onto a load cell, allowing a measurement to be made of the force transmitted through the protector. The kinetic energy of the falling mass at impact is required to be 50J.
A protector subjected to this test method is deemed to conform to this standard if the average transmitted force of nine tests is less than 35 kN, with no single test result exceeding 50 kN.